In accordance with the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights, operational-level grievance mechanisms are an effective tool for the identification and remediation of adverse human rights violations. Barrick Gold Corporation, first through its affiliate Acacia Mining and then on its own, has managed an operational-level grievance mechanism to address the violence and other human rights violations alleged by local communities near its North Mara mine in Tanzania. Since its implementation, however, the mechanism has been criticized for falling short of international standards and failing to redress community grievances. This draft paper will discuss the history and shortcomings of Barrick Gold’s grievance mechanism, with a particular focus on how corporate control over human rights violations at the mine has transformed elements of Tanzania’s approach to mining governance.
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Dr. Sara Ghebremusse is an Assistant Professor at the Allard School of Law. She writes, researches, and teaches in the areas of African law and society, law and development, mining governance in the Global South, human rights, and transnational law. She has published in all these fields and has presented her research at conferences in Canada, Germany, Kenya, Mexico, South Africa, and the United States.
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